Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ASN - Autonomous System Number

A Unique identifier allocated to an Autonomous System, a network that is a collection of prefixes. The ASN is normally a mandatory requirement for a network wishing to join an internet exchange as it is used for BGP based routing.

Carrier

A telecommunication services such as voice, data or internet traffic provider.

Carrier Facility

A housing facility such as Central Office, Exchange, LSO, a Hut. A carrier facility hosts communication equipment and may also serve as an interconnection point for one or multiple carriers. Carrier facilities are owned by carriers, typically the incumbent carrier, but can provide collocation services for other carriers.

CDN – Content Delivery Network

A set of servers in a data center providing nearby access to content owned by a content delivery network provider and part of a global delivery network.

Central Office

A telephone exchange facility, housing switches that interconnect data and calls of a single or multiple carriers.

Dark Fiber

An unused optical fiber at a PoP that can be leased as an optical fiber and lit by the service provider.

Data Center

An ICT facility housing IT servers and telecommunication equipment. Data centers provide hosting, collocation and virtual hosting services to enterprises and carriers. A Data Center can serve as an interconnection point in the different layers between carriers and networks or an exchange.

Exchange

A facility housing switches that interconnect data and calls of single or multiple carriers

Global Data Center

A data center providing substantial international interconnections.

Hut

A facility housing a repeater or an amplifier

Internet Exchange

A network comprising of a single or multiple routing equipment used to exchange internet traffic of Internet Service Providers, Large networks or content delivery networks. An internet exchange can be commercial or a non-profit organization.

Internet Exchange Point

A point of presence of an internet exchange serving as a connection point typically located in a data center.

Landing Station

A facility serving as a landfall point for a single or multiple submarine cables. The facility can serve also as a collocation space or an interconnection point.

LSO

Local Switch Operator

PoP – Point of Presence

A network access point, an interconnection point located in a Data Center, Carrier Facility or a dedicated Point of Presence location.

Provider

An ICT services provider including carriers, data center operators, internet exchange or submarine cable operator.

Wire Center

A telephone exchange, facility housing switches that interconnects data and calls of single or multiple carriers